Gum disease is caused when bacteria, found in plaque, works between the soft tissues (gums) and your tooth. It slowly destroys the underlying bone and damages the roots of your teeth. In time, your gums become more inflamed and ‘puffy’, bleed and if left untreated, could lead to premature tooth loss. The early stages can be treated with non-surgical treatment (scale and polish, deep cleaning).
On your first appointment a record of measurements will be taken around each tooth to ascertain the level of the disease. This is repeated throughout each stage of treatment to continuously check the progression of the disease.
Once it is clear which stage of the disease you have, recommendations on the appropriate treatment are made and a bespoke treatment plan is given to you. The early stage of treatment may involve oral hygiene instruction and deep scaling (prophylaxis) and polishing with a Dental Hygienist/Therapist. Once this phase of treatment is completed, you are reassessed by Specialist Periodontist to see if further treatment is necessary.
Root plaining is another form of deep scaling which can be best carried out by the Periodontist. This treatment is carried out under a local anaesthetic and is usually treated over 2 appointments.
Periodontal Surgery – This is the most invasive treatment and sometimes necessary for moderate and advanced disease cases. It may also be necessary to add bone grafting and application of medicaments to the area to help destroy the harmful bacteria and rebuild your lost bone.